English (Great Britain 1800 – Madrid 1863)
Clifford immigrated to Madrid in 1852 where he became the protégé of Isabelle II and of the Spanish court. His expertise in landscape, portraiture and scenes of Spanish life made him a great innovator of experimental topographic photography. In 1854 Queen Victoria discovered his work in an exhibition at the Royal Photographic Society, which she purchased. Four hundred of his images on Travels in Spain were shown at the Paris Salon. Clifford remains a master of the albumen print from collodion glass negative.