France, Mid – 19th Century
The Barbizon School consisted of landscape artists who worked in the region of the French town of Barbizon, near Fontainebleau, in the middle of the 19th century. They rejected academic tradition, leaving theory aside in an attempt to achieve a realistic representation of the countryside. Members included Theodore Rousseau and Charles François Daubigny. Realist painters Corot and Millet, as well as Daubigny, experimented with photography using cliché verre, a technique consisting of a drawing on glass (the negative) which was contacted onto a photo-sensitized paper, often salt. Barbizon photographers included Bodmer, Briquet, Cuvelier, Famin and Quinet.